What are the Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder ?

December 4, 2020 Brain Diseases 723 Views

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Bipolar Disorder 

Bipolar disorder is a type of mental illness that was formerly known as Manic disorder. This disease causes extreme mood swings in people. In this, the person may feel extremely happy or extremely sad or depressed. Some people may have suicidal thoughts. People with bipolar disorder experience highs and lows in their self-confidence. They sometimes also have nightmares. Bipolar disorder is a serious condition that lasts for a long time, and only a psychiatrist can help in its treatment. Let us get detailed information on the causes treatments and symptoms of Bipolar disorder. 

  • Types of Bipolar Disorder
  • What are the Causes of Bipolar Disorder? 
  • What are the Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder? 
  • What are the Treatments for Bipolar Disorder? 
  • How to Prevent Bipolar Disorder? 

Types of Bipolar Disorder

There are several types of bipolar disorder. It mainly consists of mania and hypomania that are caused due to change in mood. As a result, a person has to face many difficulties in life. 

  • Bipolar disorder 1: – In this type of disease, the person has at least one manic episode in which he feels excessive energy and excitement. This period lasts for about 3 to 4 months. It may resolve on its own without any treatment, but the person may go into depression. 
  • Bipolar disorder 2: – In this type of disease, the person frequently suffers from extreme episodes of sadness or depression. 
  • Rapid Cyclic: – A person suffering from this type of disease has episodes of sadness and mania at least four times a year. 

What are the Causes of Bipolar Disorder

The causes of bipolar disorder are not yet known. But there are some of the following factors that promote this disorder. 

  • Such as biological differences within the brain
  • Imbalance in the brain chemicals or neurotransmitters
  • Genetic reasons include having a family history of bipolar disorder. 
  • There are also some risk factors for bipolar disorder. 
  • Having a lot of stress
  • Alcohol or drug addiction
  • Extreme misery in life due to some reason
  • Having a family member suffering from bipolar disorder

What are the Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder? 

Bipolar disorder can occur in people of any age. Its symptoms may vary from person to person and even change over time.

  • Feeling stressed
  • Constantly thinking about one thing or another.
  • Felling extremely happy 
  • Unusual talkativeness
  • Lack of confidence 
  • Highly irritable 
  • Increase in activity and energy
  • Difficulty in making decisions 
  • Being extremely upset 
  • In some extreme cases, the patient may try to commit suicide. 
  • Lack of sleep or insomnia

What are the Treatments for Bipolar Disorder? 

Treatment of bipolar disorder requires consultation with a psychiatrist. 

  • During the initial treatment, some medicines are given to balance the mood of the patient. It helps in controlling the symptoms of this disease. 
  • People with bipolar disorder may require treatment throughout their life. However, the person feels better when he is cared for properly. 
  • If a person consumes alcohol and drugs, then it becomes difficult to treat bipolar disorder. Therefore, avoid alcohol consumption while undergoing treatment. 
  • If a person suffering from this disease behaves very dangerously, then he requires immediate hospitalization. 
  • In Bipolar disorder, doctors prescribe certain medicines like mood stabilizers, antipsychotics, antidepressants, anti-anxiety drugs, etc. Always take these medicines after the advice of a doctor. 
  • Some therapies help in the treatment of the bipolar disorder, such as Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Psychoeducation, Interpersonal and Social Rhythm Therapy, etc. 

How to Prevent Bipolar Disorder? 

There is no definitive presentation of bipolar disorder. But based on some symptoms, we can pay attention. 

  • If you notice any behavioral changes in any of your family members or friends, then immediately consult a doctor. 
  • Avoid excessive consumption of alcohol and other drugs. 
  • If you are taking treatment for any mental illness, then complete your course and do not stop your treatment in the middle. 
  • Do not take medicines for bipolar disorder without a doctor’s prescription.

If you want to get more information and treatment about Bipolar disorder, please contact a Psychiatrist.


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