Colon Cancer : Things to watch out for? September 12, 2017 Cancer Hub 10334 Views
Colorectal cancer or colon cancer is the cancer of the colon and rectum part of our digestive system. As per the statistics from American Cancer Society, cancer of the colon and rectum is amongst the top three causes of cancer-related deaths in the United States. The lifetime risk of developing this cancer is about 4.7 percent in men and 4.4 percent in women. The incidences of this type of cancer increase every year and the credit goes to the unknown causes! What we need to do is to know the risk factors and prevent ourselves from being included in these facts and figures.
Here’s what all you need to keep an eye on!
Risk factors for colon cancer
There are several lifestyle, physiological and genetic factors that contribute to increasing your risk of colon cancer. You may or may not change them but all that you can do is beware, stay smart and prevent them as much as you can.
Studies have shown that the risk of colon cancer progresses with age. The older you are, the higher is your probability of being a victim!
Obesity is the worst enemy! Be it diabetes, hypertension, heart-related ailments or colon cancer, obese people are always found on the list of high-risk individuals.
Previous history of colon cancer
Like any other type of cancer, colon cancer also has a good chance of recurring. So if you have had it once, you need it pay special attention and make some extra efforts to take care of yourself.
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)
IBD is a condition in which the colon gets inflamed badly, especially if left untreated for long. So if you have IBD or ever had it before, it is more likely that your colon isn’t in a very good shape and it can get transformed into cancerous one.
If your job doesn’t allow you to be physically active, buy time for some exercise and walks. A sedentary lifestyle is one of the most common risk factors for any life threatening disease including colon cancer.
Studies reveal that due to the involvement of certain genes, colon cancer can be inherited from the parents. Therefore, if you have a family history of this type of cancer or of any serious colon related disorder, you are more prone to colon cancer.
Type 2 Diabetes
Although the claim that type-2 diabetes and colon cancer have some relation still needs scientific evidence, it has been studied that people with type 2 diabetes are at higher risk of colon cancer.
Tobacco and alcohol intake
Smoking and drinking have been linked to many of the life threatening diseases such as lung cancer and liver damage. This time, it’s colon cancer that counts them both amongst its risk factors.
How you can reduce the risk?
Most colon cancers develop from abnormal growth in the colon and rectum. So, for you, chucking them out of the body before they transform into uncontrollable cells is one way out. For this, timely screening, early diagnosis, and immediate treatment by a medical oncologist or surgical oncologist are the ways. Research is still going on to find ways to reduce risks, prevent progression and combat this cancer even before it takes its fully fledged form.