What are the Treatments of Cardiac Arrest

November 18, 2020 Heart Diseases 1060 Views

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Cardiac Arrest 

Cardiac arrest is a condition in which the heart rate stops suddenly. This means the heart stops beating. In such a situation the person may even die, which is called sudden cardiac death. There is an electrical system within the heart that controls the rhythm of the heartbeat. In a cardiac arrest, there is a sudden loss of heart rate, difficulty in breathing, and loss of consciousness. Sudden cardiac arrest is caused by an electrical disturbance in the heart that disrupts its pumping action, stopping blood flow to the body parts. There can be many reasons for this. Let us get detailed information about the causes symptoms and the treatments of Cardiac Arrest. 

  • What is Cardiac Arrest? 
  • What are the Causes of Cardiac Arrest? 
  • What are the Symptoms of Cardiac Arrest? 
  • What are the Treatments of Cardiac Arrest? 
  • How to Prevent Cardiac Arrest?

What is Cardiac Arrest?

Cardiac arrest is a disease that occurs suddenly without any warning. It is a type of heart disease in which the heart suddenly stops functioning, stopping the blood flow to the brain and other organs. The person dies due to suffocation. Cardiac arrest is the complete opposite of a heart attack. The main cause of cardiac arrest has not been ascertained. Most of the time, electrical disturbances within the heart cause arrhythmia that affects the pumping action of the heart leading to loss of blood flow to the brain and other organs that result in the person’s death. 

What are the Causes of Cardiac Arrest? 

  • The main cause of cardiac arrest is a problem in the heart rhythm (called arrhythmia). This occurs due to disturbances in the electrical system of the heart. 
  • There are different types of disturbances in heart rhythm. 
  • In the case of asystole, there is no electrical activity in the heart that means the heart does not beat. 
  • In ventricular fibrillation, there is abnormal electrical activity in the heart. The heart beats inadequately and cannot pump blood effectively. 
  • The heart stops completely i.e. heart rate becomes very slow that cannot sustain the person for a long time. 
  • Other risk factors of cardiac arrest-
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol
  • Obesity 
  • Diabetes 
  • A previous heart attack 
  • Smoking 
  • Family history of heart diseases

What are the Symptoms of Cardiac Arrest? 

The following symptoms of cardiac arrest occur without any indication. 

  • Sudden collapse 
  • Breathlessness 
  • Fainting  
  • Dizziness 
  • Heart palpitations 
  • Restlessness. 
  • Chest pain or discomfort
  • No pulse

What are the Treatments of Cardiac Arrest?

A cardiac arrest is a sudden event that requires immediate action. 

  • Immediate CPR is important for treating sudden cardiac arrest. CPR helps in maintaining the blood flow to the vital organs of the body until a more advanced emergency care is available. 
  • If you don’t know CPR and someone collapses near you, call an ambulance immediately. 
  • Upon cardiac arrest, the patient is given immediate treatment in the emergency ward of the hospital in which the doctor uses defibrillation. Ventricular defibrillation is a good method for treating cardiac arrest. 
  • After the recovery, the doctor prescribes some medications to the patient to reduce the risk of another cardiac arrest. 
  • In some cases, the doctor may recommend a heart surgery such as corrective heart surgery, bypass surgery, coronary angioplasty, etc. 

How to Prevent Cardiac Arrest?

  • To reduce the risk of sudden cardiac arrest, a person should get his heart checked regularly. 
  • To keep yourself healthy, the following advice should be followed. 
  • Try to stay away from stress. 
  • Eat a balanced diet. 
  • Exercise daily. 
  • Maintain a healthy body weight. 
  • Keep BP under control. 
  • Keep a check on your blood cholesterol levels. 
  • It is very important to keep diabetes under control. 

To get more information and treatment of cardiac arrest, immediately contact a Cardiologist.

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