Causes, symptoms, treatment, and prevention of Ebola virus

December 4, 2020 Lifestyle Diseases 1120 Views

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Ebola Virus 

Ebola virus is a rare but deadly virus. The condition of people becomes very bad when exposed to this virus. In this, the person gets a hemorrhagic fever. Also, the body parts stop working, and in severe cases, the person may even die. Ebola virus infection spreads from animals to humans. No specific treatment for this virus is available yet. But scientists are researching to develop a medicine for this infection. Let us explain in detail the causes, symptoms, and prevention of Ebola virus in this article. 

  • What is Ebola Virus? 
  • What are the Causes of Ebola Virus? 
  • What are the Symptoms of Ebola Virus? 
  • What are the Treatments for Ebola Virus? 
  • How to Prevent Ebola Virus? 

What is Ebola Virus? 

Ebola virus is a type of infection that exists in bats. This virus is spread in humans through contact with animal feces, blood, dead animals, animal blood, etc. This infection contaminates human blood and affects almost every organ in the body. If a person wears the sweaty clothes of an infected person, then he also gets this infection. 

What are the Causes of Ebola Virus? 

  • The main cause for the spread of Ebola virus is African monkeys, chimpanzees, pigs, and fruit bats. According to some experts, Ebola spread into humans due to exposure to animal blood. Some scientists got infected from ebola while dissecting certain animals for research purposes. In African forests, some tourists got this virus after being exposed to certain animals. 
  • If a healthy person comes into direct contact with the infected person, then he also gets this virus. Ebola virus and Marburg virus spread by insect bites. 
  • Cremation of bodies infected with Ebola virus carries the risk of spreading the virus. 
  • Ebola virus has not vanished from Africa. Some cases are still reported. 
  • If someone in your house has been infected with Ebola virus, then you should take care of the person by wearing a facemask and following proper precautions, otherwise, you can also get infected. 

What are the Symptoms of Ebola Virus? 

Symptoms of Ebola virus show up five to seven days after infection. Such as: 

  • High fever 
  • Weakness 
  • Muscle ache 
  • Joint pain  
  • Chills 
  • Unbearable pain 
  • In severe cases, some other symptoms may appear. 
  • Stomach ache 
  • Chest pain
  • Internal bleeding
  • Sudden weight loss 
  • Bluish eyes
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea

What are the Treatments for Ebola Virus? 

There is no specific medicine for the treatment of Ebola virus, though, scientists are working on it. 

  • Antiviral medication is ineffective in treating this infection. There is no antibiotic for this infection. However, preventive care is provided to the patient in the following ways. 
  • Prevent blood loss from the body. 
  • Feed liquids and fluid substances. 
  • Treat other infections in case of illness so that the infection does not aggravate. 
  • Maintain normal blood pressure. 
  • Provide oxygen when necessary. 

How to Prevent Ebola Virus? 

For the prevention of Ebola virus, it is very important to be aware of the disease. Caution can prevent the infection from spreading. 

  • If you want to visit Africa, firstly research about the state of the epidemic, then only plan your trip. 
  • Protect yourself from other illnesses to minimize the risk of Ebola infection. Whenever you touch any object with your hand, wash your hands properly, or use a good alcohol-based hand sanitizer. 
  • If you are taking care of an Ebola patient, then protect yourself from coming in direct contact with sweat, feces, blood, saliva, etc. The final stages of Ebola prove fatal for the patient. 
  • If you are going to Africa, then avoid eating animal flesh. 
  • To prevent the infection, you can use gloves, wear clothes that cover the entire body, and put on facemasks. Stay away from an infected person. 
  • As the bodies of Ebola or Marburg victims become more infected, there is a risk of more outbreaks. The cremation of these dead bodies should be done with some special equipment so that the infection does not spread to the person performing the rituals. 

If you want to get more information and treatment of Ebola virus, then contact a Hematologist

We only aim to give you information through the article. We do not recommend any medication, treatment in any way. Only a doctor can give you good advice because no one else is better than them.

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