Radiation Sickness? Causes of Radiation Sickness

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What is Radiation Sickness?

Radiation sickness disease occurs when a large dose of high-energy radiation passes through your body to reach the internal organs. It takes as much radiation as possible from any medical treatment. This disease is technically known as acute radiation syndrome. Radiation sickness was seen in many wars where several people died due to radiation. Let me tell you, due to prolonged exposure to the gray unit, people may develop radiation sickness. If immediate treatment is not given upon exposure, then the person may die. Most people do not know about radiation sickness, so let us try to explain in detail about symptoms, treatment and causes of radiation sickness in today’s article.

  • Causes of Radiation Sickness
  • Symptoms of Radiation Sickness 
  • Diagnosis of Radiation Sickness 
  • Treatment of Radiation Sickness

Causes of Radiation Sickness 

Radiation is the energy emitted from atoms either as a wave or a small particle of matter. Radiation sickness is caused by exposure to a high dose of radiation, such as the impact of high doses of radiation received during an industrial accident.

Possible sources of high dose radiation sickness may include the following reasons.

  • Such as an accident at a nuclear industrial facility.
  • Attack on a nuclear industrial facility.
  • A small radioactive device explodes.
  • The explosion of a conventional explosive device that spreads radioactive material (dirty bomb)
  • The explosion of a standard nuclear weapon

As mentioned previously, radiation sickness occurs when high-energy radiation damages or destroys some cells in your body. The areas of the body most vulnerable to high-energy radiation are the cells in the lining of your intestinal tract, including your stomach and the blood cell-forming cells of bone marrow.(Read more – What is Acardi syndrome?)

Symptoms of Radiation Sickness 

In the early signs of radiation sickness, a person may have problems like nausea and vomiting. Symptoms are seen in a person due to radiation exposure. You may also have skin damage, such as bad sunburn, blisters, or sores. Radiation can also damage the hair-forming cells, causing your hair to fall out. In some cases, hair loss may be permanent. In such a situation, a person needs a medical check-up immediately. Apart from this, other symptoms of radiation sickness can be seen.

Diagnosis of Radiation Sickness 

To diagnose radiation sickness, the doctor determines the amount of radiation that the person has absorbed. Many tests can be done for this.

  • To check the cells of the immune system, the blood is tested for a few days.
  • A medical counter device is used to find out how much amount of radiation particles are present in which part of the body.
  • A dosimeter is used to measure the amount of radiation.(Read more – Why is chemotherapy done?)

Treatment of Radiation Sickness 

  • Radiation sickness damages a person’s stomach, intestines, blood vessels, and bone marrow, which produces blood cells. Due to damage to the bone marrow, the number of disease-fighting white blood cells starts decreasing in a person’s body. It means that most people who die from radiation sickness are killed by infection or internal bleeding.
  • However, doctors try to help you fight infection. Also, blood transfusion can be given to replace the lost blood cells of the person, or the doctors may give medications to help the person heal the bone marrow. In some cases, bone marrow transplantation may be done.
  • Doctors may also give fluid to a person and treat other injuries like burns. It can take up to 2 years to recover from radiation sickness. But even after recovering, you are at risk of other health problems. For example, a person may be more likely to develop cancer.(Read more – What is lung cancer and why does it occur?)

We hope your question, what is radiation sickness, have been answered through this article.

For the treatment of radiation sickness, you can contact Emergency Medicine Specialists.

We only aim to give you information through the article. We do not recommend medication or treatment in any way. Only a doctor can give you good advice because no one else is better than them.