Inherited Mental Health Problems – The Rising Mania

May 21, 2024 Lifestyle Diseases 20 Views

English हिन्दी

Inherited Mental Health Problems – The Rising Mania

Inherited mental health problems, also known as hereditary or genetic mental health disorders, are different types of mental health conditions that could affect the behaviors, thoughts, and moods of a person, and these conditions are passed down through families due to genetic factors.

Research says that mental health problems may have a genetic component, but most mental health disorders are a result of a combination of genetic and environmental factors.

In the last few years, inherited mental health problems have been on the rise. These problems not just affect the person who has these disorders, but also impact their families and society in general.

In this article, we will be discussing in detail about inherited mental health problems and their rise in recent times.

  • Why are inherited mental health problems on the rise?
  • Which are the common types of inherited mental health issues ?

Why are inherited mental health issues on the rise?

Inherited mental health problems have been on the rise in recent years due to the following reasons:

  • Increase in awareness and diagnosis: People in general have become more aware of mental health problems. This has encouraged people to get professional help from a psychologist to help in an early diagnosis and treatment.
  • Increased understanding of genetic factors: An increased understanding in noticing the hereditary pattern of mental health issues that may run in families has helped in an increased reporting of inherited mental health problems.
  • Lifestyle and environmental factors: Poor lifestyle choices like a poor diet, increased screen time, and sedentary life, combined with environmental factors like increased pollution can increase the risk of developing mental health problems. If a mental health issue already runs in the family, the environmental and lifestyle factors further increase the risk of developing the condition.
  • Increased stress: The fast-paced life of today has increased the stress levels in an individual. Increased stress levels increase the likelihood of a person with a family history of medical illness developing the same.
  • Reduce stigma: Efforts are constantly being made by the medical fraternity to reduce the stigma associated with mental health problems. This has encouraged more people to ask for help, leading to more cases of inherited mental health problems being diagnosed.
  • Advances in technology: Advances in medical technology have helped in the better identification and understanding of genetic markers associated with mental health issues.
  • Accessibility to mental health care: There is an improved access to mental health care professionals and clinics in recent years, which allows more people to receive proper diagnosis and treatment for inherited problems.

( Know more about- What is Psychotherapy ? )

Which are the common types of inherited mental health issues ?

Not all types of mental health problems can be inherited. Some common mental health problems which can be inherited are:

Anxiety: Anxiety disorders include different types like social anxiety disorder, panic disorder, and generalized anxiety disorder. These disorders can impact the daily function and quality of life of a person.

  • Causes: Anxiety can develop due to genetic factors, childhood trauma, stress, or changes in brain chemistry.
  • Risk factors: The factors that could increase the risk of developing anxiety disorders include family history, persistent stress, certain personality traits, or trauma in childhood.
  • Symptoms: Common symptoms associated with this condition are excessive worry or fear, avoidance of certain behaviors, panic attacks, and physical symptoms like sweating and palpitations.
  • Treatment: Treatment options may include cognitive-behavioral therapy, relaxation techniques, and anti-anxiety medications.

Depression: It is a mood disorder that is characterized by a feeling of sadness and hopelessness, and a loss of interest in activities that a person once enjoyed doing.

  • Causes: Depression could occur as a result of genetic factors combined with environmental factors, stressful events, trauma, or neurotransmitter imbalances.
  • Risk factors: The factors that could increase the risk of developing depression are childhood trauma, chronic stress, and substance abuse.
  • Symptoms: The symptoms associated with this condition are persistent feelings of sadness, loss of interest, changes in sleep patterns, changes in appetite, fatigue, guilt, and feeling of being worthless.
  • Treatment: Treatment options include psychotherapy such as cognitive-behavioral therapy, lifestyle changes like regular exercise and stress management, and antidepressant medications. ( Know more about- What is Depression ? )

Schizophrenia: This condition is characterized by hallucinations and delusions. The person affected by this condition usually has antisocial behavior and could face difficulties in performing daily activities.

  • Causes: Genetic factors, abnormalities in the brain structure and function, and neurotransmitter imbalances are some of the leading causes of schizophrenia.
  • Risk factors: The factors that increase the risk of developing schizophrenia are family history, prenatal exposure to infections or toxins, and substance abuse.
  • Symptoms: Some common symptoms include hallucinations, delusions, impaired social functions, disorganized thinking, and decreased emotional expression.
  • Treatment: Psychotherapy, social support services, and antipsychotic medicines.

Bipolar disorder: This condition is characterized by mood swings including episodes of mania or elevated mood and depression. These mood fluctuations could vary in duration and intensity. ( Know more about- What is Bipolar Disorder ? )

  • Causes: Possible causes are genetic factors, alterations in the brain structure and function, and dysregulation of neurotransmitters.
  • Risk factors: The factors that increase the risk of developing this condition are family history, stressful events, sleep disturbances, and substance abuse.
  • Symptoms: Symptoms include periods of elevated mood (hypomania or mania) which is followed by depressive episodes, impulsivity, and changes in energy levels.
  • Treatment: Treatment includes mood stabilizers, antipsychotic medicines, and psychotherapy.

Autism spectrum disorder: This is a neurological and developmental disorder that affects how a person communicates, interacts, learns, and behaves.

  • Causes: Causes may include genetic factors, maternal infections, advanced parental age, and alterations in the development of the brain.
  • Risk factors: Factors that may include the risk of developing this condition are family history, certain types of genetic syndromes, prenatal exposure to certain medicines, and advanced parental age.
  • Symptoms: The symptoms of this condition are impaired social interaction and communication, restricted interests, difficulties in accepting changes, and sensitivities to sensory functions.
  • Treatment: Treatment may include early interventions like speech therapy and occupational therapy. Other treatment options may include applied behavior analysis, educational support, and medications for symptoms like aggression and anxiety.

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): It is a neurodevelopmental disorder associated with difficulties in paying attention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. It can impact the social, academic, and occupational life of a person.

  • Causes: The causes may include genetic factors, abnormalities in dopamine and norepinephrine signaling, and environmental factors like maternal smoking and prenatal exposure to toxins.
  • Risk factors: The factors that can increase the risk of developing this condition include family history, prenatal exposure to nicotine or alcohol, low birth weight, and maternal stress during pregnancy.
  • Symptoms: Common symptoms may include inattention, impulsivity, hyperactivity, forgetfulness, fidgeting, and difficulty in organizing tasks.
  • Treatment: Treatments may include stimulant medications, behavioral therapy, parent training, and accommodations in educational institutes.

The above disorders can be diagnosed by a psychologist by performing a thorough evaluation of the patient’s symptoms and behavior and by some diagnostic tests like neuroimaging and genetic testing.

We hope that we were able to answer all your questions about inherited mental health problems through this article.

If you want more information about inherited mental health problems, you can contact a good psychologist at the best hospitals like Manipal Hospital Whitefield

We only aim to give you information through the article and do not recommend any medication or treatment in any way. Only a qualified doctor can give you good advice because no one else is better than them.


Login to Health

Login to Health

Our team of writers is dedicated to the healthcare sector. We want our readers to have the best material to understand the health issue, learn about surgeries and procedures, consult the right doctors and finally make the right decision for their health.

Over 1 Million Users Visit Us Monthly

Join our email list to get the exclusive unpublished health content right in your inbox


    captcha