What is Ileostomy? Purpose of Ileostomy?

April 19, 2021 Lifestyle Diseases 125 Views

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What is Ileostomy?

An ileostomy is a type of surgical procedure that involves making an opening in the abdominal wall. This hole is medically known as a stoma. However, the surgeon connects this opening with your intestines. Instead of excreting the waste from the anus, it is directly extracted through this hole. This process may be either temporary or permanent. In general, this surgery is performed in case of intestinal injury or intestinal cancer. Before undergoing any surgery, the patient is examined to determine whether the surgery is appropriate for him or not. Ileostomy surgery is performed in two ways, which include laparoscopic and open surgery. The patient may have to stay in the hospital for a few days after undergoing an ileostomy. After this, the patient can go home, but he has to take some precautions. If there are any symptoms like nausea, vomiting, or pain after surgery, contact the doctor immediately. Let us tell you about the purpose of Ileostomy in detail in today’s article.

  • What is the Purpose of Ileostomy?
  • Preparation Before Ileostomy
  • What is the Procedure of Ileostomy?
  • How to take care after an Ileostomy?
  • What are the Risks of Ileostomy?

What is the Purpose of Ileostomy?

Ileostomy surgery can be performed based on the following conditions.

  • If there is a large intestine problem that cannot be treated with medications, then an ileostomy can be done.
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Ulcerative colitis
  • Abdominal pain without any reason
  • Sudden weight loss (Read more – Home remedies for weight loss)
  • Rectal or colon cancer
  • Stomach cancer
  • Intestinal birth defects 
  • Injuries or accidents that involve the intestines.
  • Hirschsprung’s disease

Preparation Before Ileostomy

Before undergoing ileostomy surgery, the doctor recommends some tests which include:

  • Blood test
  • Electrocardiogram
  • Based on these investigations, it is seen whether the patient is eligible for surgery or not.
  • If you take any Ayurvedic or other medicines, then tell this to the doctor before surgery.
  • If a person takes blood-thinning medicines, then tell it to the doctor because these drugs should not be consumed before surgery.
  • If you smoke, then stop doing it a few days before the surgery. It is because smoking may result in complications after the surgery.
  • One day before surgery, the doctor advises the patient to drink fruit juice, water, and soup.
  • The patient is advised not to eat anything on the day of surgery.
  • Before surgery, your surgeon may prescribe laxatives or enemas to empty your bowel.(Read more – How is liver transplant done)

What is the Procedure of Ileostomy?

Before starting ileostomy surgery, the patient is given general anesthesia so that he gets unconscious. During surgery, fluids or medicines can be given through the vein depending on the patient’s requirement.

The ileostomy can be done in two ways.

  • Open surgery – In this process, the surgeon makes a large incision in the patient’s abdomen to perform the surgery.
  • Laparoscopic surgery – In this procedure, a small incision is made in the patient’s stomach to insert the surgical equipment. In some cases, the method of surgery can be changed, and the condition cannot be changed.
  • First, the surgeon will mark the location for the stoma. This mark is made on the lower right side of the stomach.
  • A hole is made on this mark and the affected parts are removed through this hole. Also, the remaining part of the intestine is joined through this hole. It is called a stoma. A stoma is a sac in which stool or waste material accumulates. The stoma is fixed with the help of stitches. (Read more – What is Piles Surgery)

How to take care after an Ileostomy?

  • After the surgery, the patient is shifted to the recovery room, where a team of doctors and nurses monitor the patient’s BP, breathing, etc. Pain relievers are given to reduce pain after surgery.
  • After surgery, the patient is advised to rest or walk slightly to avoid blood from clotting in the legs.
  • After surgery, a thin tube is inserted into the intestine to remove the excess waste.
  • The stitches will be removed 5 to 7 days after the surgery.

The following advice can be given while going home:

  • Avoid certain activities for some time, such as bending, turning, or exercising, etc.
  • If you take painkillers, do not drive any vehicle.
  • You can return to your work two to four weeks after the surgery.
  • Ask the doctor whether you can clean the site of the incision while bathing.
  • Talk to your doctor about the diet that you should follow after the surgery.(Read more – Why is appendix surgery done)

What are the Risks of Ileostomy?

As with any other surgery, the patient may have the following risks after an ileostomy:

  • Infection
  • Kidney stones
  • Narrowing of the stoma.
  • Lack of water in the body
  • The stoma may get affected after coming in contact with feces.
  • Constipation
  • Stoma obstruction
  • Allergic reaction to anesthesia
  • A part of the intestine may escape through the stoma. (Read more – Why is hernia surgery done)

We hope that we could answer your question ” Purpose of Ileostomy ” regarding ileostomy through this article.

If you need more information about ileostomy, you can contact General Surgeon.

We only aim to give you information through the article. We do not recommend medication, treatment in any way. Only a doctor can give you good advice because no one else is better than them.

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