What is swine flu? What are the symptoms of swine flu?

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What is Swine flu?

Swine flu, caused by the H1N1 virus, was first found in humans and turned into a pandemic in 2009. Residents of Rajasthan witnessed the worst cases of the disease. Thousands of people died due to the outbreak. The infection commonly spreads like a regular seasonal flu from an infected person to a healthy one. The Union Ministry of Health initiated a door to door campaign to spread awareness of swine influenza. Currently, swine flu is a common disease in the country. The vaccination of the ailment has been a boon for the people. Let’s get some important information about swine flu like the causes and symptoms of swine flu etc.

  • What is swine flu? 
  • What are the causes of swine flu? 
  • What are the symptoms of swine flu?
  • What are the treatments of swine flu? 
  • What are the preventive measures?

What is swine flu? 

Swine flu is a disease brought about by a viral infection. It has a comparative genetic similarity to the H1N1 subtype of flu infection that causes flu in pigs. Swine flu harms the immune system of the affected individual. The virus commonly spreads during the winter season.

What are the causes of swine flu? 

  • The swine flu is caused by the H1N1 virus. 
  • The virus infects both pigs and humans in a similar manner. 
  • The virus enters a healthy person when he/she comes in contact with an infected person. 
  • When an infected person sneezes or coughs, the virus spreads.

What are the symptoms of swine flu?

The signs and symptoms of swine flu are quite similar to that of a common cold. Few symptoms are listed below: 

  • Fever 
  • Nausea and vomiting 
  • Cold and cough
  • Nasal congestion and runny nose 
  • Headache 
  • Stomach aches 
  • Sore throat 
  • Rashes 
  • Muscle pain

What are the treatments of swine flu? 

  • A doctor advises the infected individual about ways to strengthen the immune system. 
  • Relaxation is important for a faster recovery. 
  • Cough syrups are prescribed. 
  • The patient must consume a lot of liquids to stay hydrated.
  • Antiviral drugs and prophylactic treatment are required in severe cases when the patients have to be given intravenous hydration. 
  • Antiviral drugs such as Fluvir are given to ensure development of resistance within the body.

What are the preventive measures?

  • Each individual above six months of age must get the swine flu vaccination. 
  • The vaccination is carried out by two methods for people belonging to different age groups. 
  • Injections are used for vaccinating people above 50 years of age and children below 2 years of age.
  • The nasal spray is used for people in the age groups 2 to 49 years. This group also includes pregnant women. 
  • A napkin should be used to cover the mouth to avoid any infections.
  • People must avoid visiting crowded areas that might be risk zones for swine flu. 
  • Special care must be taken if a family member is infected. 

If you suffer from swine flu, contact a General Physician immediately.

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