What is a Laparoscopy procedure ? Laparoscopic Surgeries

November 22, 2023 Full Body Check-up 56 Views

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What is a Laparoscopy procedure ?

Laparoscopy procedure is a minimally invasive surgical technique that uses small incisions and a thin, flexible tube with a camera (laparoscope) to examine or operate on the internal organs in the abdominal or pelvic area. It’s commonly used for procedures such as gallbladder removal or diagnosing and treating conditions like endometriosis.

What conditions are detected with laparoscopy?

Laparoscopy procedure is used to diagnose and treat various conditions, including:

  • Gynaecological Issues: Endometriosis, ovarian cysts, ectopic pregnancies, and infertility issues can be diagnosed and treated using laparoscopy. ( Know more about- What is Endometriosis ? )
  • Gastrointestinal Disorders: Conditions such as appendicitis, inflammatory bowel disease, diverticulitis, and certain cancers can be evaluated and treated.
  • Gallbladder Problems: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a common procedure for gallstone removal. ( Know more about- What is Gallbladder Surgery? )
  • Hernia Repair: Some types of hernias, like inguinal or ventral hernias, can be repaired using laparoscopic techniques.
  • Urological Conditions: Laparoscopy can be used in certain urological procedures, such as kidney or bladder surgeries.
  • Liver Conditions: It can aid in the diagnosis and treatment of liver cysts or tumors.
  • Diagnostic Procedures: Laparoscopy allows doctors to explore and visually inspect the abdominal and pelvic organs to identify unexplained pain or unknown conditions.

The specific use of laparoscopy procedure depends on the patient’s symptoms, medical history, and the suspected or known condition. It’s valued for its minimally invasive nature, leading to faster recovery times compared to traditional open surgery.

What are various laparoscopic surgical procedures?

Several surgical procedures can be performed using laparoscopy procedure. Some common laparoscopic procedures include:

  • Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: Removal of the gallbladder, often due to gallstones.
  • Laparoscopic Appendectomy: Removal of the appendix, typically performed in cases of appendicitis.
  • Laparoscopic Hysterectomy: Removal of the uterus, often done for conditions like fibroids or endometriosis.
  • Laparoscopic Nissen Fundoplication: Treatment for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) by wrapping the top of the stomach around the lower esophagus.
  • Laparoscopic Hernia Repair: Repair of certain types of hernias, such as inguinal or ventral hernias.
  • Laparoscopic Ovarian Cystectomy: Removal of ovarian cysts through small incisions.
  • Laparoscopic Colorectal Surgery: Treatment for conditions like diverticulitis or colorectal cancer.
  • Laparoscopic Prostatectomy: Removal of the prostate gland, often for prostate cancer.
  • Laparoscopic Nephrectomy: Removal of a kidney, usually due to conditions like kidney tumors.
  • Laparoscopic Splenectomy: Removal of the spleen, often performed for certain blood disorders or injuries.

These are just a few examples, and the application of laparoscopy procedure continues to expand across various surgical specialties due to its benefits of reduced scarring, shorter recovery times, and less postoperative pain compared to traditional open surgery.

Can cancers be detected early with laparoscopy?

In some cases, laparoscopy procedure may play a role in the diagnostic process. For example:

  • Staging Procedures: Laparoscopy can be used to assess the extent of cancer spread (staging) within the abdominal or pelvic cavity. This information helps guide further treatment decisions. ( Know more about- What is stomach cancer treatment? )
  • Biopsy: During laparoscopy, a surgeon may take tissue samples (biopsy) from suspicious areas for further examination to confirm the presence of cancer.
  • Treatment Planning: Laparoscopy may be part of the overall treatment plan, especially for cancers in areas accessible through minimally invasive techniques.

Note that the specific approach depends on the type and stage of cancer, as well as the location within the body. Early cancer detection usually involves screening tests, imaging studies, and other diagnostic methods, rather than direct visualisation through laparoscopy procedure. Get laparoscopy done and other tests done, by booking full body checkups at Manipal Hospital Old Airport Road Bangalore


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