What is Botox Treatment?

Dr Foram Bhuta

Dr Foram Bhuta

BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery), 10 years of experience

October 30, 2021 Lifestyle Diseases 143 Views

English हिन्दी Bengali

What is the meaning of Botox Treatment?

Botox treatment is the procedure of injecting small amounts of Botox or other types of botulinum toxins into specific muscles primarily to reduce the appearance of facial wrinkles, and for the treatment of certain medical conditions.

Botox is a protein that is made from botulinum toxin, which is produced by a bacterium called Clostridium botulinum. Although Botox is a toxin, when doctors use it in small doses and the correct manner, it can be useful for medical and cosmetic purposes.

Botox injections can reduce the appearance of facial skin wrinkles and can also be used for various health conditions like excessive sweating, bladder disorders, eyelid spasms, and migraine.

In this article, we will be discussing Botox treatment in detail-

  • What is Botox?
  • What is the purpose of Botox Treatment?
  • Who should not get Botox Treatment?
  • How to prepare for Botox Treatment?
  • What is the procedure for Botox Treatment?
  • How to care after Botox Treatment?
  • What are the side effects of Botox Treatment?
  • What is the cost of Botox Treatment in India?

What is Botox?

  • Botox is a protein derived from a bacteria known as Clostridium botulinum which is present in several natural settings such as lakes, soil, forests, and the intestinal tracts of fish and mammals.
  • The naturally occurring Clostridium botulinum bacteria are usually harmless. However, when the bacterial cell population increases, the bacteria start producing Botulinum toxin, which is a deadly neurotoxin.
  • When used in small doses in a therapeutic context, it is safe and causes temporary paralysis of the muscles. It is therefore beneficial to people with nerve or muscle disorders, or for reducing the appearance of skin wrinkles.

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What is the purpose of Botox Treatment?

Botox injections block some chemical signals from the nerves. These signals are mostly the ones that cause the contraction of muscles.

Botox treatment is commonly done in the following cases:

  • Reduction in the appearance of the facial wrinkles: This is done by temporarily relaxing the facial muscles that cause wrinkles in the forehead region and around the eyes.
  • Cervical dystonia: This is a painful condition in which the neck muscles contract involuntarily leading to the twisting and turning of the head in an uncomfortable position.
  • Muscle contractures: Certain neurological conditions like cerebral palsy can cause the limbs to pull in towards the center. These contracted muscles can be relaxed by using Botox injections in some cases.
  • Lazy eye: An imbalance in the muscles responsible for the positioning of the eye causes a condition known as lazy eye.
  • Hyperhidrosis: This is a condition in which there is excessive sweating even when the temperature is not too high, or you are not exerting yourself.
  • Chronic migraine: If one experiences migraine for more than 15 days a month, the botox injections help in reducing the frequency of headaches.
  • Eye twitching: Botox treatment helps in relieving the twitching or contracture of the muscles around the eye.
  • Bladder dysfunction: Botox treatment can help in reducing urinary incontinence (unintentional leakage of urine) caused due to an overactive bladder.

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Who should not get Botox Treatment?

Botox treatment is not recommended in the following cases:

  • Pregnancy
  • Breast-feeding mother
  • Allergic reaction to cow’s milk protein
  • Having a neurological (brain-related) disorder

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How to prepare for Botox Treatment?

  • Inform your doctor about any medications, supplements, or herbs that you may be taking.
  • Inform your doctor if you have any allergies.
  • Inform your doctor about any pre-existing medical conditions that you may be having.
  • Avoid drinking alcohol at least one week before the procedure as it may make you prone to bruising and redness.
  • Inform your doctor if you have received any botulinum toxin injections in the last four months.
  • The doctor may instruct you to stop taking any blood-thinning medications like warfarin and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) that you may be previously taking a few days before the procedure. The blood-thinners can increase your chances of bleeding and bruising.
  • The doctor may instruct you to remove all your makeup and clean the treatment area before the procedure.

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What is the procedure for Botox Treatment?

  • The skin is numbed before giving the Botox injections to avoid any pain or discomfort during the procedure. This can be done in several ways, including:
  • Injections: The doctor may inject a numbing medication into the skin.
  • Cold spray: A blast of extremely cold air is directed at the skin for approximately 10 seconds. The numbness lasts for only a couple of seconds.
  • Cream: A prescription cream may be applied to the skin, about 60 to 90 minutes before the procedure.
  • Anesthesia: If the procedure is carried out to treat an overactive bladder, the doctor may give some local anesthesia to numb the area of treatment.
  • The doctor uses a thin needle for injecting small amounts of botulinum toxin into the skin or the muscles.
  • The number of Botox injections required depends on several factors like the area being treated and the purpose of treatment.
  • This procedure is usually done at the doctor’s office and is an outpatient procedure (the patient can go home on the same day of treatment).

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How to care after Botox Treatment?

  • The patient can return to work and resume most daily activities immediately after Botox treatment.
  • The effect of the Botox injection is usually seen one to three days after the treatment.
  • It is normal to have some redness, bruising, or swelling after the procedure. These side effects usually disappear after a few days.
  • The patient is instructed not to rub or put pressure on the treatment area for 24 hours after the procedure. This prevents the toxin from spreading to the nearby areas.
  • Physical exertion should be avoided for 24 hours after the treatment.
  • The patient is instructed to stay upright for three to four hours after the procedure.
  • Depending on the condition being treated, the effect of Botox treatment lasts for about three to twelve months. Regular follow-up Botox injections are usually required to maintain the effect.

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What are the side effects of Botox Treatment?

The common side effects associated with Botox treatment are:

  • Bruising
  • Headaches, which generally subside in a day or two
  • Eyelid drooping
  • Crooked smile
  • Drooling
  • Dryness of eyes or severe tearing
  • Pain around the injection site
  • Swelling around the injection site
  • Upset stomach
  • Flu-like symptoms
  • The general feeling of being unwell
  • Numbness
  • Weakness in the nearby muscles

If you notice any of the above side effects after Botox treatment, you can contact your doctor.

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What is the cost of Botox Treatment in India?

The total cost of Botox treatment in India can range from around INR 2,500 to INR 60,000 per session. However, the cost of the procedure may vary across different hospitals. There are many big hospitals and specialized doctors in India for Botox treatment. The cost varies across different hospitals.

If you are coming from abroad, in addition to the expenses of Botox treatment, there will be a cost of staying in a hotel, cost of living, and cost of local travel. So, the total cost of Botox treatment in India will be around INR 3,000 to INR 86,000 per session. 

We hope that we were able to answer all your questions regarding Botox treatment through this article.

If you want more information on Botox treatment and want to get the treatment done, you can contact a Plastic or Cosmetic Surgeon.

We only aim to give you information through the article and do not recommend medication or treatment in any way. Only a doctor can give you the best advice and the correct treatment plan. 

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