Brain Tumor Surgery

Brain Tumor Surgery is the removal of a growth of abnormal cells in the brain. These tumors can be malignant or benign. These abnormal cells start to accumulate in the brain and keep replicating to form more such cells. There are several types of brain tumors depending upon where they originate from. The most common brain tumors are the Astrocytic tumors which are developed from the astrocytes and the Meningioma which begin from the meninges of the brain.

All Brain Tumors can be broadly classified into – 

  • Primary Brain Tumors are those which originate from the central nervous system, mostly in the brain
  • Secondary Brain Tumors are those which are developed in other organs and spread to the brain.
Know More About Surgery

The most common signs and symptoms observed in the case of Brain Tumors are- 

  • Persistent, frequent and severe headaches
  • Nausea and Vomiting
  • Vision problems (Blurred, Loss of peripheral vision or Double vision)
  • Loss of sensation in limbs
  • Balance disorders
  • Seizures
  • Hearing disorders
  • Difficulty in sleeping
  • Paralysis of one side of the body and difficulty in coordination
  • Memory problems and other cognitive disturbances 
  • Changes in personality and behavior

Brain Tumors can be diagnosed by several imaging tests such as CT scan, PET scan and MRI scan to get clear images of the brain. A Biopsy is essential to confirm the type of tumor and to identify whether it is cancerous or not. A small hole is made in the skull from which tissue is removed and examined under the microscope. A neurological exam which assesses vision, hearing, balance, coordination, touch and reflexes helps to diagnose tumors in the brain and to detect which part is affected.

Brain Tumor Surgery primarily depends on the size, type and location of the tumor. This is an effective method for the complete removal of primary tumors, however, may not be as effective in case of secondary tumors which have metastasized to several parts of the body. Brain Tumor Surgery has to be performed along with other treatments such as Chemotherapy and Radiation therapy in order to kill all cancerous cells in specific locations.

In case of the tumor being deep inside the brain, only debulking is possible rather than complete removal. Debulking reduces the size of the tumor. The success of the treatment depends of the grade, size and stage of the tumor as well as the lifestyle of the patient.

There are several risks involved in Brain Tumor Surgery. There might be bleeding in the brain post-surgery or blood clots may form. Swelling in the brain may occur which can further lead to more complications. There are possibilities that the patient might be in coma due to unsuccessful treatment. There are also chances of undergoing seizures, convulsions, stroke during surgery or having an impaired speech, vision, poor coordination after the surgery. 

 

Post-surgery, it is essential to keep utmost care of the patient and also do follow-up recovery in order to prevent long term complications. It is of prime importance to get a rehabilitation treatment which involves- 
  • Physical Therapy in order to regain balance, coordination and to work on motor skills and re-build muscle strength.
  • Speech Therapy to work on difficulties in speaking and regaining fluency and clarity of speech.
  • Occupational Therapy to get back to daily routine activities and to regain the ability to carry out all daily life chores and to get back to work.
  • Tutoring for children in order to revisit previously learned concepts and to work on memory.

Brain Tumor Surgery from one of the best multi-speciality hospital: Columbia Asia Hospital Hebbal, Hebbal, Bengaluru

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