Vasectomy is a form of male birth control in which the supply of the sperm to the semen is prevented. It is done by cutting and tying the vas deferens that carry sperm. This prevents the sperm from being released in the semen that is ejaculated from the penis. Sperm production is not affected by vasectomy and the sperm produced is reabsorbed by the body. Vasectomy is a permanent, long term and low risk method.

Know More About Surgery

During a Vasectomy, an incision is made in the upper part of the scrotum. A part of the vas deferens which carries the semen is cut at the region it joins the scrotum and is removed. The two ends of the vas deferens are tied and sealed using different methods such as Electrocautery or surgical clips. The incision at the scrotum is then closed by stitches.

There are two methods of performing a Vasectomy:

  • No scalpel Vasectomy- This procedure involves the usage of a clamp instead of a scalpel. This is preferred due to less bleeding, smaller hole in the skin and fewer risks. 
  • Traditional Vasectomy- This is the standard method and involves the usage of a scalpel to access the scrotum and the vas deferens. 

There are several risks of a Vasectomy. There may be a lot of bleeding during the surgery or a blood clot may form in the scrotum. Infection may occur at the site of incision. The scrotum may get injured during vasectomy causing pain and discomfort. There may be inflammation in the epididymis and other tubes. Sperm granuloma may also form due to the leaking of sperm from the vas deferens. Rarely, the vas deferens grows back together which results in the man becoming fertile again. 

After a vasectomy, the patient must keep in mind the following:

  • Avoid engaging in strenuous physical activities for at least 1 week after vasectomy
  • Use an ice pack to suppress the pain and swelling
  • Scrotal support is recommended for 3 days 
  • Pain killers may be prescribed
  • Sexual intercourse should be avoided for at least 1 week after vasectomy
  • Wearing loose underwear