Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy is a drug treatment using powerful drugs to kill fast-growing, cancer causing cells. Chemotherapy can be performed in association with other modes of treatment or alone.

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Chemotherapy may be required in the following conditions:

  • Pain
  • Swelling of Lymph nodes
  • Cancer

Prior to Chemotherapy, it is essential to perform the following methods of diagnosis:

  • Physical examination
  • Medical history
  • Clinical history
  • Biopsy
  • FNAC
  • Oral Chemotherapy: Taking prescribed medications orally at home with regular check-ups & follow-ups.
  • Intravenous Chemotherapy: Medicine is administered through a tube in the vein at the hospital.

There are several risks involved in the treatment of Chemotherapy such as:

  • Fatigue
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Sore mouth 
  • Diarrhea
  • Constipation
  • Hair loss
  • Infections

After Chemotherapy, it is essential to keep in mind the following:

  • Increase intake of protein & calories
  • Increase intake of multivitamins & anti-oxidants
  • Avoid prolonged exposure to sunlight or UV rays
  • Increase physical activity gradually
  • Avoid smoking

Chemotherapy from best Hospitals and Doctors in Delhi NCR

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Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy is a drug treatment using powerful drugs to kill fast-growing, cancer causing cells. Chemotherapy can be performed in association with other modes of treatment or alone.

Symptoms

Chemotherapy may be required in the following conditions:

  • Pain
  • Swelling of Lymph nodes
  • Cancer

Diagnosis

Prior to Chemotherapy, it is essential to perform the following methods of diagnosis:

  • Physical examination
  • Medical history
  • Clinical history
  • Biopsy
  • FNAC

Treatment

  • Oral Chemotherapy: Taking prescribed medications orally at home with regular check-ups & follow-ups.
  • Intravenous Chemotherapy: Medicine is administered through a tube in the vein at the hospital.

Risks

There are several risks involved in the treatment of Chemotherapy such as:

  • Fatigue
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Sore mouth 
  • Diarrhea
  • Constipation
  • Hair loss
  • Infections

After Procedure

After Chemotherapy, it is essential to keep in mind the following:

  • Increase intake of protein & calories
  • Increase intake of multivitamins & anti-oxidants
  • Avoid prolonged exposure to sunlight or UV rays
  • Increase physical activity gradually
  • Avoid smoking

FAQ Section

1) What is chemotherapy?

Chemotherapy is the treatment of cancer through the application of cytotoxins or cancer-destroying drugs. Constant replacement of cells through a process of divide and growth is a part of the body's natural process. But during cancer, cells reproduce in an uncontrolled manner. Drugs used in chemotherapy interfere with a cancer cell's ability to divide and reproduce. A single drug or a combination of several drugs is used. These drugs can be injected into specific cancer sites or can be delivered directly into the bloodstream.

2) Is chemotherapy treatment painful?

Chemotherapy isn't necessarily painful. But you may feel pain because of vomiting, diarrhea, gut cramps, nausea, altered taste, foggy brain, absent saliva, dental damage, hair loss, mild allergic reactions, mouth ulcers, blood, and electrolyte problems, sweating and racing heart, and incredible exhaustion which are the more direct effects of chemo.

3) What is the success rate of chemotherapy?

In most countries, the success rate of chemotherapy is less than 2.3 percent.

4) How is the dose given in chemotherapy?

Depending on the type of cancer, you may take chemotherapy orally, or intravenously, injected into the vein or elsewhere. If your health allows, tablets can sometimes be taken at home. However, you will have to make regular hospital visits to check their health and response to treatment. The dose must be taken exactly when specified by your doctor. If you forgot to take one at a specific time, then you should call the medical team immediately. If your doctor has opted for Intravenous chemotherapy, then the drugs may be injected directly into a vein with a needle or delivered through an IV.

5) Can you avoid chemotherapy?

Usually, the decision about whether you should go through chemo or not is taken by your oncologist. But thanks to the recent study which presented at the American Society of Clinical Oncology meeting in Chicago on June 3, 2018, women with the most common type of early-stage breast cancer likely do not need chemotherapy after their surgery.

6) How many months does it takes for your hair grow back after chemotherapy?

It usually takes two to four months for the hair to grow back after you finish of your chemotherapy.

7) How many rounds of chemo is normal?

You may need 4 to 8 cycles to treat your cancer. A series of cycles is called a course and it can take three to six months to complete and the number of treatment doses scheduled within each cycle depends on the drugs being given.

8) How chemotherapy kills cancer cells?

Most chemo drugs kill cells that are in the process of splitting into two new cells. Our body tissues are made of billions of individual cells, and as most of them are usually fully grown, most of these cells don't divide and multiply much. Our normal cells only divide if they need to repair the damage. In cancer, the malignant cells keep on dividing, and as cancer cells divide much more often than most normal cells (Except for hair and skin), chemotherapy is much more likely to kill them.

9) Is chemotherapy really worth it?

In most cases, chemotherapy is worth it. But it is really hard to predict how much chemo is needed to prevent tumor recurrence. But now, a European study of lung cancer shows that cancers or tumors lacking a DNA-repairing protein are very sensitive to chemotherapy, so the patients whose tumors lack the gene for this protein do better after chemo and those whose tumors bear the gene get no additional benefit from the chemo.

10) Can chemotherapy lead to death?

It can happen. In addition to killing cancer cells in your body, most forms of chemotherapy also destroy cells in your immune system that raises the chances of you getting infections during your treatment.

11) How long does it take for drugs from your chemo to get out of your system?

In most cases, the chemotherapy stays within the patient's body for 2 to 3 days of the treatment.

12) What is the fastest way to recover from chemotherapy?

  • Get as many calories as possible.
  • Take the necessary supplements.
  • Manage stress.
  • Sleep well.
  • Move your body, go out and exercise.