Skin Cancer Treatment

Skin cancer refers to an abnormal growth in the cells of the skin. There is a high risk of skin cancer spreading to nearby tissue and cells from the point of origin and it is therefore necessary to treat it with surgery.

Skin cancer is mainly of three types:-

  • Basal cell carcinoma- it is a slow growing cancer, originating in the basal cells (present in the lower part of the epidermis) of the skin.
  • Squamous cell carcinoma- a cancer originating from the squamous cells (flat cells in the outer part of the epidermis) of the skin.
  • Melanoma- a cancer of the pigment-making cells (melanocytes) of the skin. It is a rapidly growing cancer, and is less common but more dangerous than the first two types of cancers.
Know More About Surgery

Skin cancer usually presents as a growth or lump on the skin. The specific signs of these growths depend upon the type of cancer present. Symptoms pertaining to the type of cancer are listed below:-

Basal cell carcinoma

  • Raised, smooth, pearly and translucent bump on the skin
  • Pink or red growths with a crusted centre
  • Appearance of small blood vessels on the lump or lesion

Squamous cell carcinoma

  • Red scaly patches with irregular borders
  • Ulceration and bleeding in these patches
  • Dome-shaped growths with rough surface and an indented centre

Melanoma

  • Moles that are asymmetrical and irregular
  • Change in colour or diameter of the mole
  • Redness, itching, ulceration, bleeding
  • Spots or growths of various colours, ranging from brown to black
  • A physical exam by a dermatologist would help in determining whether a lump is cancerous or not. The dermatologist would take into account the specifics of the lump such as the size, colour, shape etc.
  • Biopsy- a biopsy would be required to confirm whether the lump is cancerous and if yes, then which type of cancer it is.
  • If the cancer is a basal cell cancer, a biopsy alone can determine the extent of the cancer, as it does not spread in most cases.
  • If the cancer is found to be squamous cell cancer or a melanoma, further tests may be needed to determine the extent of the cancer, as they are capable of metastasizing.
  • Imaging tests may be required to determine the presence of cancer in neighboring cells and lymph nodes.

 A number of surgical techniques can be used depending upon the type of cancer and its extent.

  • Curettage and electrodessication- in this procedure, the skin is repeatedly scraped with a long sharp instrument called a curette and the skin is then cauterized with an electric needle (electrode).
  • Surgical excision- a surgical knife is used to cut out the tumor along with some tissue. It is then diagnosed to make sure that the entire tumor has been removed.
  • Mohs surgery- is a microscopically controlled surgery wherein the tumor is removed with a small piece of tissue which is then examined under a microscope for cancer cells. If cancer cells are present, some more tissue is removed and examined, and this is continued until no more cancer cells are found.

A few of the complications may be excessive bleeding, infection at the surgery site, difficulty in closing the wound, reaction to the medications given during surgery and damage to important structures. 

Regular skin examinations by the patient themselves and the doctor at regular intervals would be necessary. A few tests may also be recommended by the doctor to make sure the cancer does not regrow.

Skin Cancer Treatment from best Hospitals and Doctors in Delhi NCR

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Skin Cancer Treatment

Skin cancer refers to an abnormal growth in the cells of the skin. There is a high risk of skin cancer spreading to nearby tissue and cells from the point of origin and it is therefore necessary to treat it with surgery.

Skin cancer is mainly of three types:-

  • Basal cell carcinoma- it is a slow growing cancer, originating in the basal cells (present in the lower part of the epidermis) of the skin.
  • Squamous cell carcinoma- a cancer originating from the squamous cells (flat cells in the outer part of the epidermis) of the skin.
  • Melanoma- a cancer of the pigment-making cells (melanocytes) of the skin. It is a rapidly growing cancer, and is less common but more dangerous than the first two types of cancers.

Symptoms

Skin cancer usually presents as a growth or lump on the skin. The specific signs of these growths depend upon the type of cancer present. Symptoms pertaining to the type of cancer are listed below:-

Basal cell carcinoma

  • Raised, smooth, pearly and translucent bump on the skin
  • Pink or red growths with a crusted centre
  • Appearance of small blood vessels on the lump or lesion

Squamous cell carcinoma

  • Red scaly patches with irregular borders
  • Ulceration and bleeding in these patches
  • Dome-shaped growths with rough surface and an indented centre

Melanoma

  • Moles that are asymmetrical and irregular
  • Change in colour or diameter of the mole
  • Redness, itching, ulceration, bleeding
  • Spots or growths of various colours, ranging from brown to black

Diagnosis

  • A physical exam by a dermatologist would help in determining whether a lump is cancerous or not. The dermatologist would take into account the specifics of the lump such as the size, colour, shape etc.
  • Biopsy- a biopsy would be required to confirm whether the lump is cancerous and if yes, then which type of cancer it is.
  • If the cancer is a basal cell cancer, a biopsy alone can determine the extent of the cancer, as it does not spread in most cases.
  • If the cancer is found to be squamous cell cancer or a melanoma, further tests may be needed to determine the extent of the cancer, as they are capable of metastasizing.
  • Imaging tests may be required to determine the presence of cancer in neighboring cells and lymph nodes.

Treatment

 A number of surgical techniques can be used depending upon the type of cancer and its extent.

  • Curettage and electrodessication- in this procedure, the skin is repeatedly scraped with a long sharp instrument called a curette and the skin is then cauterized with an electric needle (electrode).
  • Surgical excision- a surgical knife is used to cut out the tumor along with some tissue. It is then diagnosed to make sure that the entire tumor has been removed.
  • Mohs surgery- is a microscopically controlled surgery wherein the tumor is removed with a small piece of tissue which is then examined under a microscope for cancer cells. If cancer cells are present, some more tissue is removed and examined, and this is continued until no more cancer cells are found.

Risks

A few of the complications may be excessive bleeding, infection at the surgery site, difficulty in closing the wound, reaction to the medications given during surgery and damage to important structures. 

After Procedure

Regular skin examinations by the patient themselves and the doctor at regular intervals would be necessary. A few tests may also be recommended by the doctor to make sure the cancer does not regrow.