Mouth Cancer Treatment

Mouth cancer refers to cancer on the lips, gums, tongue, floor of the mouth, inner lining of the cheeks, roof of the mouth.

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The symptoms of Mouth Cancer are:

  • White or red patch in mouth
  • Recurrent & unhealing mouth sores
  • Enlarged lymph nodes
  • Lump in head & neck region
  • Unusual signs of bleeding in mouth
  • Burning sensation on taking spicy food
  • Rubbery cheek with restricted openings habit of smoking tobacco or smokeless tobacco with alcohol

Mouth cancer can be diagnosed in the following ways:

  • Physical Examination
  • Biopsy
  • FNAC
  • X-ray
  • OPG
  • CT Scan
  • MRI
  • Endoscopy

Radiotherapy:  Radiations are used to destroy the cancer cells. It is usually done after surgery to prevent recurrence along with medications. The treatment may extend to several weeks depending on the size of the cancer & its spread.

Chemotherapy It is done in combination to radiotherapy to damage the DNA of cancerous cells hence eliminating their ability to divide and grow to deeper tissues.

Internal Radiotherapy: Also called brachytherapy, in this a radioactive implant is placed inside the cancer under GA, usually done in the early stage of cancer.

Photodynamic Therapy: It is done in very initial stage when there are chances that untreated & recurrent mouth ulcers/lesions may turn into cancer. It is a temporary treatment procedure.

The risks involved in a Mouth cancer surgery are:

  • Depression
  • Dysphagia
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Malnutrition
  • Lung infections
  • Aspirational Pneumonia

 

Post surgery, it is essential to keep in mind the following: 

  • Quit smoking and chewing tobacco
  • Avoid excess exposure to sunlight or UV rays
  • No alcohol 
  • Increasing vitamins & anti-oxidants in diet

Mouth Cancer Treatment from best Hospitals and Doctors in Mumbai Region

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Mouth Cancer Treatment

Mouth cancer refers to cancer on the lips, gums, tongue, floor of the mouth, inner lining of the cheeks, roof of the mouth.

Symptoms

The symptoms of Mouth Cancer are:

  • White or red patch in mouth
  • Recurrent & unhealing mouth sores
  • Enlarged lymph nodes
  • Lump in head & neck region
  • Unusual signs of bleeding in mouth
  • Burning sensation on taking spicy food
  • Rubbery cheek with restricted openings habit of smoking tobacco or smokeless tobacco with alcohol

Diagnosis

Mouth cancer can be diagnosed in the following ways:

  • Physical Examination
  • Biopsy
  • FNAC
  • X-ray
  • OPG
  • CT Scan
  • MRI
  • Endoscopy

Treatment

Radiotherapy:  Radiations are used to destroy the cancer cells. It is usually done after surgery to prevent recurrence along with medications. The treatment may extend to several weeks depending on the size of the cancer & its spread.

Chemotherapy It is done in combination to radiotherapy to damage the DNA of cancerous cells hence eliminating their ability to divide and grow to deeper tissues.

Internal Radiotherapy: Also called brachytherapy, in this a radioactive implant is placed inside the cancer under GA, usually done in the early stage of cancer.

Photodynamic Therapy: It is done in very initial stage when there are chances that untreated & recurrent mouth ulcers/lesions may turn into cancer. It is a temporary treatment procedure.

Risks

The risks involved in a Mouth cancer surgery are:

  • Depression
  • Dysphagia
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Malnutrition
  • Lung infections
  • Aspirational Pneumonia

After Procedure

 

Post surgery, it is essential to keep in mind the following: 

  • Quit smoking and chewing tobacco
  • Avoid excess exposure to sunlight or UV rays
  • No alcohol 
  • Increasing vitamins & anti-oxidants in diet

FAQ Section

1) What is mouth or oral cancer?

Oral cancer is cancer that occurs in the head and neck area. It starts in the mouth or oral cavity. Mouth cancer is common and if a doctor finds and treats it early, it is highly curable. A doctor or dentist can usually spot mouth cancer with a routine mouth exam. Of all people who get oral cancer, the majority are cigarette or tobacco users. Drinking alcohol is also a risk factor for mouth cancer.

2) What are the different types of mouth cancer tumors?

More than ninety percent of all oral cavity tumors are squamous cell carcinomas. Squamous cells make up the lining of the oral cavity which is also called the mucosa. Less common types of oral cancer are the tumors of the salivary glands.

3) Who is most at risk for mouth cancer?

People who use tobacco are 6 times more likely to develop oral cancer. 8 of 10 oral cancer patients are smokers. Heavy alcohol drinkers are also more at risk. Eighty percent of people diagnosed with mouth cancer consume more than twenty drinks weekly. People with a history of oral human papillomavirus infections are at greater risk to develop mouth cancer even if they don’t smoke or drink.

4) How does smoking affect oral cancer?

Tobacco use is the single most important risk factor in getting mouth cancer. People who smoke or chew tobacco or smoke pipes have a much higher chance of getting oral cancer than someone who does not use tobacco.

5) Where does oral cancer occur?

About two-thirds of cancer of the mouth occurs in the floor of mouth and tongue but can occur in the upper or lower jaw, gums, lips, and cheek lining. Oropharyngeal cancer occurs in the back of the tongue, tonsils and throat tissue and makes up one-third of the total cases.

6) Can oral cancer be prevented?

Yes. Some risks are within one’s control, such as using tobacco and drinking a lot of alcohol. People who don’t smoke or use tobacco have a low risk of developing cancer in other parts of the body while smokers are also at risk for cancer in other organs, such as lungs, larynx, pharynx, bladder, esophagus, kidney, pancreas, and stomach.

7) What are the symptoms of oral cancer?

  • Red or white patches in the mouth
  • Mouth sores or ulcers that do not heal and bleed easily
  • Unexplained lump in the neck, throat or the mouth-floor
  • Difficulty or discomfort swallowing
  • Pain and tenderness in teeth or gums
  • The visible change in mouth tissue
  • Unpleasant sensations (pain, discomfort, numbness)
  • Diminished ability to perform normal functions such as the opening jaw, chewing or swallowing
  • Unexplained swelling or fullness in the neck

8) What is leukoplakia?

Leukoplakia is a white patch that some people (Mostly tobacco and alcohol users) get on the inside of their mouth. In some cases, it is precancerous, meaning it can lead to cancer.

9) What is erythroplakia?

Erythroplakia, more serious than leukoplakia, is a red, slightly raised patch that some people get on the inside of their mouth, and in the majority of cases, it is precancerous.

10) How is oral cancer treated?

Most cases of oral cancer are curable and many are treated with surgery. There are several types of surgery used, but if major surgery is done, the surgeon may also rebuild parts of the mouth to preserve the appearance and function of the mouth. Radiation therapy is also used to treat and cure mouth cancer and may be used with surgery. Chemotherapy may be used before or after surgery or used alone when the disease is diagnosed in a later stage.