Pacemaker is an electrically charged medical device used to manage irregular heartbeats.
It has two parts: the pulse generator which has the battery and electronics to control the heartbeat and another part called Leads which are small wires that send the electric signals in form of pulse to the heart.
It is usually done in cases of:
The diagnostic methods used for a Pacemaker surgery are:
A local anaesthetic agent is applied at the site of the incision and the patient is sedated. A small incision is made to guide a small wire through the incision into a major vein found near the collarbone and then the wire is lead through the vein to the heart.This process is done with the help of X-ray machine.
Then an electrode is attached to the right ventricle and other end of the wire to pulse generator which contains battery and electronics. Usually the generator is placed under the skin near the collarbone.