A urologist is a physician who diagnoses and treats diseases of the urinary tract in both men and women.
Urologists diagnose and treat diseases of the urinary tract, the system that creates, stores, and removes urine from the body, in both men and women. Urologists also diagnose and treat anything involving the male reproductive tract. Some urologists treat general diseases of the urinary tract while others specialize in a particular type of urology. They gain additional skills in a specialty area by doing one to two year of additional training called fellowship. Depending on the specialty, they are categorized as:
Normally, you wouldn’t know you have a problem in your urinary tract unless you are tested. But there are some symptoms you should never overlook as they could indicate a urological problem.
It has been recommended that you should see a specialist if you:
For men, you should visit a urologist, if you have:
For women, you should visit a urologist to get treatment for:
A urologist can treat the following conditions:
The tests performed by urologists are:
During the first appointment, most of the urologist try to learn all they can about their patient's medical history and the symptoms they are experiencing.
Patients' are usually asked to provide a urine sample, to fill out questionnaires that help the experts assess the nature the symptoms, give information on the medical histories of the patient's family members and provide a list of all current medications.
Urologists also perform a physical exam. The exam concentrates on the genitourinary system which includes the kidneys, adrenal glands, urinary bladder, urethra, and reproductive organs. Depending on the patient's symptoms, additional tests may also be performed to help the urologist make their evaluation.
When it comes to the difference between nephrology and urology, the former deals with only kidneys while the latter provides treatment for several other organs related to the urinary tract in both men and women. These organs are kidneys, which filter blood, ureters, which are the tubes through which urine flows from the kidneys to the bladder, which is the hollow sac that collects urine, urethra, which is the tube through which urine travels from the bladder out of the body, and adrenal glands, which are the glands located on top of each kidney that release hormones.
Urologists also treat all organs of the male reproductive system which is made of a penis, the organ that releases urine and carries sperm out of the body, prostate, the gland underneath the bladder that adds fluid to sperm to produce semen, and testicles, two oval organs inside the scrotum that make the hormone testosterone and also produce sperm.
In some cases, urologists may perform surgery. Urologists may remove cancer or open up a blockage in the urinary tract, but usually, they work along with other surgeons.
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