Ovarian Cancer Treatment

Ovarian Cancer is when there is a growth of abnormal cells in the ovary, the female reproductive gland. These cells multiply uncontrollably and accumulate to form a tumor. This tumor may metastasize to other parts of the body. Ovarian cancer is mostly prevalent in post-menopausal women. This cancer is one of the most common reasons for death in women.
 
There are several types of tumors of the ovary such as-
  • Epithelial tumors are the most common type of tumors which begin from the outer lining of the ovary
  • Germ cell tumors which originate from the germ cells- the cells that differentiate to form the eggs
  • Stromal tumors which starts from the tissue that secretes estrogen and progesterone.
These tumors may be benign if they do not spread to other parts (non- cancerous) or malignant if they metastasize to other parts of the body (cancerous).
Know More About Surgery

There are several signs / symptoms observed which indicate Ovarian Cancer:

  • Abdominal bloating and swelling
  • Loss of appetite
  • Pain in the pelvic region
  • Frequent urination
  • Changes in bowel patterns

Ovarian cancer can be diagnosed by routine pelvic examinations in which genitals are also closely examined externally as well as internally. A speculum is inserted inside the vagina in order to get images of the ovaries and uterus to check for all defects. Blood tests can also help diagnose ovarian cancer due to the presence of a specific protein on the ovarian cancer cells. Imaging tests such as ultrasounds and CT scan help determine the size, location and severity of the tumor.

Ovarian Cancer surgery is essential to remove the tumor found inside the ovaries. Depending upon the stage of the cancer, a suitable treatment is decided for the patient. In most cases, it is required to remove both the ovaries, fallopian tubes, the uterus as well as the lymph nodes and omentum. This is known as Hysterectomy.
 
There are two types of Hysterectomy surgeries- 
  • Abdominal Hysterectomy in which the incision is made through the abdomen.
  • Vaginal Hysterectomy in which incision is made through the vagina.

After an ovarian cancer surgery, there are possibilities of getting infections and having high temperatures for some time. Vaginal bleeding may occur post-operation and there might be red/brown discharges. Sometimes too much blood may be lost and hence, the patient may require blood transfusions. During the surgery, there are chances of damaging the bladder and if it occurs, a second operation is required. Advanced ovarian cancer treatments may also damage the platelets which can increase the risk of having Leukemia.

The patient may be discharged within the time period of one week after surgery. It is essential that the patient does not engage in any strenuous activities for at least a month and takes all work easily. If the patient had not hit menopause prior to surgery, she will do so after the surgery.
 
She may observe the following signs which are normal - 
  • Hot flushes
  • Sweats
  • Dryness in the vaginal area
  • Easily tired

Ovarian Cancer Treatment from best Hospitals and Doctors in Delhi NCR

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Ovarian Cancer Treatment

Ovarian Cancer is when there is a growth of abnormal cells in the ovary, the female reproductive gland. These cells multiply uncontrollably and accumulate to form a tumor. This tumor may metastasize to other parts of the body. Ovarian cancer is mostly prevalent in post-menopausal women. This cancer is one of the most common reasons for death in women.
 
There are several types of tumors of the ovary such as-
  • Epithelial tumors are the most common type of tumors which begin from the outer lining of the ovary
  • Germ cell tumors which originate from the germ cells- the cells that differentiate to form the eggs
  • Stromal tumors which starts from the tissue that secretes estrogen and progesterone.
These tumors may be benign if they do not spread to other parts (non- cancerous) or malignant if they metastasize to other parts of the body (cancerous).

Symptoms

There are several signs / symptoms observed which indicate Ovarian Cancer:

  • Abdominal bloating and swelling
  • Loss of appetite
  • Pain in the pelvic region
  • Frequent urination
  • Changes in bowel patterns

Diagnosis

Ovarian cancer can be diagnosed by routine pelvic examinations in which genitals are also closely examined externally as well as internally. A speculum is inserted inside the vagina in order to get images of the ovaries and uterus to check for all defects. Blood tests can also help diagnose ovarian cancer due to the presence of a specific protein on the ovarian cancer cells. Imaging tests such as ultrasounds and CT scan help determine the size, location and severity of the tumor.

Treatment

Ovarian Cancer surgery is essential to remove the tumor found inside the ovaries. Depending upon the stage of the cancer, a suitable treatment is decided for the patient. In most cases, it is required to remove both the ovaries, fallopian tubes, the uterus as well as the lymph nodes and omentum. This is known as Hysterectomy.
 
There are two types of Hysterectomy surgeries- 
  • Abdominal Hysterectomy in which the incision is made through the abdomen.
  • Vaginal Hysterectomy in which incision is made through the vagina.

Risks

After an ovarian cancer surgery, there are possibilities of getting infections and having high temperatures for some time. Vaginal bleeding may occur post-operation and there might be red/brown discharges. Sometimes too much blood may be lost and hence, the patient may require blood transfusions. During the surgery, there are chances of damaging the bladder and if it occurs, a second operation is required. Advanced ovarian cancer treatments may also damage the platelets which can increase the risk of having Leukemia.

After Procedure

The patient may be discharged within the time period of one week after surgery. It is essential that the patient does not engage in any strenuous activities for at least a month and takes all work easily. If the patient had not hit menopause prior to surgery, she will do so after the surgery.
 
She may observe the following signs which are normal - 
  • Hot flushes
  • Sweats
  • Dryness in the vaginal area
  • Easily tired