Aortic Aneurysm Repair

Aneurysm is a swelling of the aorta. A surgical intervention involving a man-made graft is required when there is a large abdominal or thoracic aneurysm which is enlarging rapidly and is at risk of rupturing.

 

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The symptoms of an Aneurysm are:   

  • Back pain
  • Deep, constant abdominal pain

 

Aneurysm can be diagnosed in the following ways:   

  • Abdominal ultrasound
  • Physical examinations
  • MRI scan
  • CT Scan

 

It can be done in two ways:

Open Repair: a large incision in made in abdomen to expose the aneurysm,& then a man-made graft is used to replace it. Often used in abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.

Endovascular Aneurysm Repair: It is minimally invasive technique where a small incision is made in groin to introduce a catheter through which instruments are introduced to place a stent and the graft which supports the aneurysm.

The risks involved in an Aortic Aneurysm Repair are:   

  • Sudden abdominal or back pain (tearing sensation)
  • Radiating pain to back & legs
  • Fast pulse
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

 

Post-surgery, it is essential to keep in mind the following:

  • Avoid smoking or drinking
  • Avoid strenuous physical activities
  • Intake of healthy & nutritious diet
  • Timely medications must be taken

 

Aortic Aneurysm Repair Cost in Mumbai Region

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Aortic Aneurysm Repair

Aneurysm is a swelling of the aorta. A surgical intervention involving a man-made graft is required when there is a large abdominal or thoracic aneurysm which is enlarging rapidly and is at risk of rupturing.

 

Symptoms

The symptoms of an Aneurysm are:   

  • Back pain
  • Deep, constant abdominal pain

 

Diagnosis

Aneurysm can be diagnosed in the following ways:   

  • Abdominal ultrasound
  • Physical examinations
  • MRI scan
  • CT Scan

 

Treatment

It can be done in two ways:

Open Repair: a large incision in made in abdomen to expose the aneurysm,& then a man-made graft is used to replace it. Often used in abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.

Endovascular Aneurysm Repair: It is minimally invasive technique where a small incision is made in groin to introduce a catheter through which instruments are introduced to place a stent and the graft which supports the aneurysm.

Risks

The risks involved in an Aortic Aneurysm Repair are:   

  • Sudden abdominal or back pain (tearing sensation)
  • Radiating pain to back & legs
  • Fast pulse
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

 

After Procedure

Post-surgery, it is essential to keep in mind the following:

  • Avoid smoking or drinking
  • Avoid strenuous physical activities
  • Intake of healthy & nutritious diet
  • Timely medications must be taken

 

FAQ Section

1) What is Aortic Aneurysm Repair Surgery ?

Aortic Aneurysm Repair is the surgery done to remove the aortic aneurysm , which is the bulge in the aorta ( major blood vessel of the heart ). This procedure is done either by open chest repair method or endovascular repair method.

2) What is an aortic aneurysm?

Aortic aneurysm is the bulge in the aorta, the main blood vessel of the heart. This happens when the artery wall becomes weak due to chronic illnesses. The blood flow force constantly pushes the weakened blood vessel walls, which makes them swell up. This leads to formation of balloon- like bulges called aneurysms. This bulge if becomes very large can burst, and lead to serious life threatening complications. 

3) What are the 2 types of Aortic Aneurysm Repair Surgeries?

The 2 types of Aortic aneurysm repair surgeries are- 

  • Open Abdominal or Open Chest repair surgery
  • Endovascular repair surgery

 

4) What is Endovascular Aortic Aneurysm Repair Surgery?

Endovascular Aortic Aneurysm Repair Surgery (EVAR) is the minimally invasive method to treat the aortic aneurysm. In this method instead of opening the chest or abdomen surgically using large incisions, in EVAR a small stent graft ( fabric tube with metal stents) is inserted into the aneurysm area via small cuts in the groin region. This method requires smaller incisions thus the recovery time is faster. 

5) What causes the aortic aneurysm?

The various causes that forms aortic aneurysm, which requires Aortic Aneurysm Repair Surgery are- Atherosclerosis ( hardening of the arteries ), high blood pressure, blood vessel diseases, infections of the aorta, or trauma to the aorta ( for example- car accident injury , etc ).

6) What are the tests done before Aortic Aneurysm Repair Surgery?

The tests done before Aortic Aneurysm Repair Surgery are-

  • Abdominal ultrasound- Common test done to diagnose, locate the abdominal aneurysms by passing sound waves to get the images.
  • Abdominal CT scan- Here X Rays are used to get cross sectional images of the aorta, site and size of the aneurysm, sometimes a contrast medium dye is injected into the vessels to get more clearer images. 
  • Abdominal MRI- Here magnetic fields and radio waves are used to get detailed images of the aorta structure, site and size of the aneurysm. 

7) What is Open Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair Surgery?

In Open Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair Surgery, a large incision is made in the upper abdomen or chest area, damaged part of the aorta is removed, and replaced with a graft that is stitched to the region. 

 

8) What is the cost of Aortic Aneurysm Repair Surgery in India?

 Cost of Aortic Aneurysm Repair Surgery in India varies across different cities and hospitals.

Cost of Aortic Aneurysm Repair Surgery in India
CITY COST
Cost of Aortic Aneurysm Repair Surgery in Mumbai INR 600000- INR 800000
Cost of Aortic Aneurysm Repair Surgery in Bangalore INR 580000- INR 780000
Cost of Aortic Aneurysm Repair Surgery in Delhi  INR 580000- INR 780000
Cost of Aortic Aneurysm Repair Surgery in Chennai INR 560000- INR 760000

 

9) What are the risks of Aortic Aneurysm Repair Surgery?

The risks of Aortic Aneurysm Repair Surgery can be divided as-

  1. Risks of Open repair surgery- heart attack, irregular heart rhythms, bleeding during and after the surgery, bowel vessels damage, blood clots, kidney failure, lung complications, spinal cord injury. 
  2. Risks of EVAR- Kidney damage, damage to surrounding blood vessels, groin wound infections, groin hematoma, bleeding, endoleaks, etc. 


 

10) When is Aortic Aneurysm Repair Surgery needed?

The Aortic Aneurysm Repair Surgery is needed for the following reasons- 
Prevent aorta rupture, relieve cardiac symptoms, restore good blood flow, when the aneurysm size is bigger than 5 cms, when the growth rate of aneurysm is > 0.5 cms per year, emergency life dangering bleeding.