Back Pain Surgery

Back Pain Surgery is helpful & advisable in few cases of back pain as they generally respond to non-surgical treatments such as physiotherapy, medication, heat, gentle massage etc.

Know More About Surgery
The symptoms observed that indicate the requirement of a back pain surgery are:
  • Inflammation
  • Fever
  • A recent injury to the back
  • Fecal incontinence
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Numbness around genitals, anus or buttocks

The diagnosis of back pain surgery are:

  • CT Scan
  • X-ray
  • MRI
  • Bone scan
  • Electromyography
These are some common back surgeries:

Discectomy It is a procedure done to remove the damaged discs & is usually of two types:

  1. Microsurgical: Through a small incision, the damaged portion of the disc is removed along with a small portion of bone covering spinal cord by using a microscope.
  2. Percutaneous: A small incision is made in the back. A laser or a suction device is used to remove a portion of the disc through a narrow probe.

Laminectomy It is performed to enlarge the spinal column when there is pressure on the nerve roots due to spinal stenosis. Lamina which forms a roof over the spinal cord is removed along with bony protrusions or spurs.

Spinal Fusion: A bone like material is placed between two vertebrae which may be secured with plates, screws & rods so that they can heal into one unit. It mimics the normal healing process of a broken bone. It immobilizes those parts of the spine. Hence can lead to additional stress & strain on the vertebrae above & below the fused portion.

Kyphoplasty Under anesthesia, with X-ray guidance a needle is inserted through the skin into the bones & then a balloon is inflated to help the vertebrae regain its shape. It may take some time if more than one vertebra is treated.

The risks involved in a Back Pain surgery are:

  • Bleeding
  • Infection
  • Blood clots
  • Heart attack
  • Stroke
  • Herniated disc
  • Nerve damage can lead to weakness or paralysis
  • Reaction to anesthesia or other drugs

For a Back Pain Surgery, the following shoulf be kept in mind:

  • Regular exercise is necessary to build strength
  • Always maintain right posture
  • Core-strengthening exercises & flexibility exercises are advised

Back Pain Surgery from best Hospitals and Doctors in Mumbai Region

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Back Pain Surgery

Back Pain Surgery is helpful & advisable in few cases of back pain as they generally respond to non-surgical treatments such as physiotherapy, medication, heat, gentle massage etc.

Symptoms

The symptoms observed that indicate the requirement of a back pain surgery are:
  • Inflammation
  • Fever
  • A recent injury to the back
  • Fecal incontinence
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Numbness around genitals, anus or buttocks

Diagnosis

The diagnosis of back pain surgery are:

  • CT Scan
  • X-ray
  • MRI
  • Bone scan
  • Electromyography

Treatment

These are some common back surgeries:

Discectomy It is a procedure done to remove the damaged discs & is usually of two types:

  1. Microsurgical: Through a small incision, the damaged portion of the disc is removed along with a small portion of bone covering spinal cord by using a microscope.
  2. Percutaneous: A small incision is made in the back. A laser or a suction device is used to remove a portion of the disc through a narrow probe.

Laminectomy It is performed to enlarge the spinal column when there is pressure on the nerve roots due to spinal stenosis. Lamina which forms a roof over the spinal cord is removed along with bony protrusions or spurs.

Spinal Fusion: A bone like material is placed between two vertebrae which may be secured with plates, screws & rods so that they can heal into one unit. It mimics the normal healing process of a broken bone. It immobilizes those parts of the spine. Hence can lead to additional stress & strain on the vertebrae above & below the fused portion.

Kyphoplasty Under anesthesia, with X-ray guidance a needle is inserted through the skin into the bones & then a balloon is inflated to help the vertebrae regain its shape. It may take some time if more than one vertebra is treated.

Risks

The risks involved in a Back Pain surgery are:

  • Bleeding
  • Infection
  • Blood clots
  • Heart attack
  • Stroke
  • Herniated disc
  • Nerve damage can lead to weakness or paralysis
  • Reaction to anesthesia or other drugs

After Procedure

For a Back Pain Surgery, the following shoulf be kept in mind:

  • Regular exercise is necessary to build strength
  • Always maintain right posture
  • Core-strengthening exercises & flexibility exercises are advised

FAQ Section

1) What is back pain?

Formed of bones, muscles, nerves, and joints, human back is a complex structure. The problem with one of these elements causes back pain. With most people experiencing at least one episode during their lifetime, back pain is very common.

 

2) How severe can be your back pain?

  • A slight twinge to being severely painful
  • A dull and constant ache
  • A sudden and sharp pain making movement difficult
  • Can become worse or start quickly if you fall or lift something too heavy.

3) What are the symptoms of back pain?

Back pain symptoms include:

  • Muscle ache and spasms
  • Tension, soreness, and stiffness
  • Pain that runs down your legs
  • Limited flexibility or range of motion of one's back.

4) What risk factors contribute to back pain?

There are some risk factors that can increase one's chances of developing back pain. They include:

  • Aging:  Degenerative disease or wear and tear can lead to a reduction in bone strength and can cause back pain. 
  • Being overweight: Carrying extra weight puts pressure on a person's spine.
  • smoking: It can cause tissue damage in your back.
  • Fitness: It has been recorded that back pain is less common in people who are physically fit. 
  • Pregnancy: The extra weight the mother carries when she is expecting a baby can put a strain on the mother's back.
  • Occupation: A job that involves heavy lifting can lead to back pain.

5) What are the most common back pain surgeries?

The most common back surgeries are:

  • Discectomy: It is the removal of part of a disc that is herniated and causing pain or other symptoms. 
  • Laminectomy: It is a surgery performed to expand the spinal column when spinal stenosis causes pressure on the nerve roots. 
  • Spinal Fusion: It is a welding process by which two or more vertebrae are joined together, forming a single immobile unit.
  • Vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty: Both involve supporting fractured bone with a cement-like material, which is injected into the vertebra or vertebrae through a straw-like needle. 

6) How long after spinal fusion can I return to work?

If you had a spinal fusion, you will not be able to return to activities as quickly. It takes at least three to four months after surgery for bones to heal well. The healing may continue for at least one year. But if you are young and healthy and your job is not that demanding, you will probably be able to return to work after 4 or 6 weeks. 

7) Is disc bulge completely curable?

A bulging disc is a condition in which the inner portion of a spinal disc remains contained within the outer portion. This bulge can put pressure on the surrounding nerve roots, leading to pain that radiates down the back and other areas of the body. A disc bulge is highly curable. Most 'bulges' resolve themselves within six months and physiotherapy often speeds up that outcome in most people.

 

8) How long does minimally invasive back surgery take?

Minimally invasive procedures can shorten the time period the patients spend in hospital. Although it will vary from patient to patient and with the individual procedure, in general,  minimally invasive back surgery patients go home on the same day or in one to two days.

9) When should one go for surgery for a herniated disc?

The doctor might recommend surgery as an option for your herniated disc if your symptoms have lasted at least six weeks and had made it hard to do your normal activities, and other treatments have failed to relieve you of your pain.

10) Why is walking good after back surgery?

Walking is one of the best exercises a person can do after his or her lumbar laminectomy or discectomy surgery. This is because walking helps to improve blood flow throughout the body, bringing in oxygen and nutrients to the spinal muscles and tissues as they heal.