Back Pain Surgery is helpful & advisable in few cases of back pain as they generally respond to non-surgical treatments such as physiotherapy, medication, heat, gentle massage etc.
Discectomy It is a procedure done to remove the damaged discs & is usually of two types:
Laminectomy It is performed to enlarge the spinal column when there is pressure on the nerve roots due to spinal stenosis. Lamina which forms a roof over the spinal cord is removed along with bony protrusions or spurs.
Spinal Fusion: A bone like material is placed between two vertebrae which may be secured with plates, screws & rods so that they can heal into one unit. It mimics the normal healing process of a broken bone. It immobilizes those parts of the spine. Hence can lead to additional stress & strain on the vertebrae above & below the fused portion.
Kyphoplasty Under anesthesia, with X-ray guidance a needle is inserted through the skin into the bones & then a balloon is inflated to help the vertebrae regain its shape. It may take some time if more than one vertebra is treated.
The risks involved in a Back Pain surgery are: