Abortion Surgery

Abortion surgery is the procedure to terminate a pregnancy due to several reasons. Abortion may occur itself; this is known as spontaneous abortion. However, at many times it is done by choice. It can be safely carried out in the first trimester of the pregnancy.

The reasons of wanting to have an abortion are- 

  • Unprotected sexual intercourse
  • Financial instability to support the child
  • To protect the child from genetic disorders, birth defects
  • Pregnancy as a result of rape
  • Harmful for the mother’s health
Know More About Surgery

A urine pregnancy test is taken to confirm the pregnancy. It detects the hormone HcG in the urine which indicates pregnancy. For further reassurance, the doctor can take a urine sample and get it analyzed. After the pregnancy, a pelvic exam is carried out in order to determine the size of the uterus and hence can determine the duration of the pregnancy. This can also help detect ectopic pregnancies. It is of prime importance that the patient gets checked for all sorts of sexually transmitted diseases and infections so that she can decide if she wants an abortion. A pap smear helps to identify irregularities in the cervix. Ultrasounds must be done to ensure that the pregnancy is in the uterus and not in the fallopian tubes or elsewhere.

There are two types of surgical abortions-

  • Aspiration Abortion- This method is useful for women who are 14 – 16 weeks pregnant. A speculum is inserted through the vagina to examine the uterus and a cannula (tube) is connected to it. Suction is applied and this evacuates the uterus. The uterus becomes devoid of all tissue. 
     
  • Dilation and Evacuation Abortion- This method is used for pregnancies after the 16th week. A cervix dilator is inserted through the vagina to expand the cervix. A speculum is then used to open up the cervix even more as this method is used for pregnancies in the second trimester. A curette is used to gently remove the lining and the tissues of the uterus. For reassurance of removal of the fetus, suction is used. 

The risks of a surgical abortion include:

  • Damage to the uterine lining
  • Uterine perforation
  • Infection
  • Uterus does not contract after abortion
  • Tissue not removed effectively
  • Blood clots in the uterus

Irregular bleeding may be observed after an abortion for which only sanitary pads should be used (no tampons).  Antibiotics are prescribed to prevent infections and painkillers may also be taken. Sexual intercourse should be avoided for at least 1 week after the abortion. Medicines may be taken to help in the involution of the uterus, so that it restores its original size.

Abortion Surgery from best Hospitals and Doctors in Delhi NCR

{{x.clinic_name}}

  • {{x.specialisation}}
  • {{x.locality}}, {{x.city_name}}
  • {{x.capacity}} Beds
  • {{x.doctor_discount_consultation}}

Summary:

{{y.doctor_name}}

Consultant - {{y.specialisation}}

{{x.doctor_name}}

{{x.qualifications}}

{{x.experience}} years experience

  • {{x.specialisation | limitTo: 1}} {{x.specialisation }}
    {{x.clinic_name}}
  • {{x.locality}}, {{x.city_name}}
  • {{y.day}}: {{y.slot}}

  • Fee INR {{x.rate}}

No Results Found!

Abortion Surgery

Abortion surgery is the procedure to terminate a pregnancy due to several reasons. Abortion may occur itself; this is known as spontaneous abortion. However, at many times it is done by choice. It can be safely carried out in the first trimester of the pregnancy.

The reasons of wanting to have an abortion are- 

  • Unprotected sexual intercourse
  • Financial instability to support the child
  • To protect the child from genetic disorders, birth defects
  • Pregnancy as a result of rape
  • Harmful for the mother’s health

Diagnosis

A urine pregnancy test is taken to confirm the pregnancy. It detects the hormone HcG in the urine which indicates pregnancy. For further reassurance, the doctor can take a urine sample and get it analyzed. After the pregnancy, a pelvic exam is carried out in order to determine the size of the uterus and hence can determine the duration of the pregnancy. This can also help detect ectopic pregnancies. It is of prime importance that the patient gets checked for all sorts of sexually transmitted diseases and infections so that she can decide if she wants an abortion. A pap smear helps to identify irregularities in the cervix. Ultrasounds must be done to ensure that the pregnancy is in the uterus and not in the fallopian tubes or elsewhere.

Treatment

There are two types of surgical abortions-

  • Aspiration Abortion- This method is useful for women who are 14 – 16 weeks pregnant. A speculum is inserted through the vagina to examine the uterus and a cannula (tube) is connected to it. Suction is applied and this evacuates the uterus. The uterus becomes devoid of all tissue. 
     
  • Dilation and Evacuation Abortion- This method is used for pregnancies after the 16th week. A cervix dilator is inserted through the vagina to expand the cervix. A speculum is then used to open up the cervix even more as this method is used for pregnancies in the second trimester. A curette is used to gently remove the lining and the tissues of the uterus. For reassurance of removal of the fetus, suction is used. 

Risks

The risks of a surgical abortion include:

  • Damage to the uterine lining
  • Uterine perforation
  • Infection
  • Uterus does not contract after abortion
  • Tissue not removed effectively
  • Blood clots in the uterus

After Procedure

Irregular bleeding may be observed after an abortion for which only sanitary pads should be used (no tampons).  Antibiotics are prescribed to prevent infections and painkillers may also be taken. Sexual intercourse should be avoided for at least 1 week after the abortion. Medicines may be taken to help in the involution of the uterus, so that it restores its original size.

FAQ Section

1) What is abortion surgery?

Abortion surgery is the medical termination of an unwanted pregnancy. It is the act of deliberately causing a miscarriage. The type of surgery is determined based on the stage of pregnancy. It is conducted by a professional medical practitioner and is usually considered as minor surgery. It is performed between 12 to 14 weeks from your last normal menstrual period up to 20 weeks of your pregnancy.

 

2) What are the types of abortion?

Abortion surgery is usually performed through two different approaches and is dependent on the stage of pregnancy. Your gynecologist will conduct a sonogram in order to determine the type of procedure to be followed which could be either through aspiration or dilation and evacuation. 

Aspiration is also known as suction aspiration, suction curettage, or vacuum aspiration is performed within six to sixteen weeks of gestation.

Dilation and Evacuation is a procedure performed after six to sixteen weeks of gestation.

3) How safe is abortion surgery?

Abortion surgery is a minor surgery and is usually considered safe when performed by a trained medical professional. It is associated with a slight amount of side-effects which generally occur in any surgical procedure. However, if the patient is suffering from any other diseases or medical conditions related to the reproductive system, then the surgery may get complicated.

4) At what trimester is abortion legal in India?

Abortion in India is legal only in certain situations. It is permitted to be performed legally under various grounds according to the rules of law. However, under exceptional and unusual cases, abortion may be performed after a gestation period of 20 weeks.

5) How does pregnancy termination work?

Abortion Surgery is done in two ways depending upon the stage of pregnancy:

  • Aspiration

The surgery begins with the administration of a local anesthetic, in order to numb your cervix. A surgical instrument called the tenaculum is used to hold the cervix in place, for it to be dilated. When the cervix is wide enough, a cannula, a long plastic tube connected to the suction tube, is used to suck out the fetus and placenta.

  • Dilation and Evacuation

    This procedure is conducted in women whose gestation period is in between fifteen to twenty-four hours of pregnancy. A general anesthetic is administered into the patient and using narrow forceps, the fetus and placenta are removed from the neck of the womb. This procedure may require cervical preparation prior to or on the day of the surgery.

6) Is abortion surgery painful?

The surgery is usually not very painful as an anesthetic is administered prior to the surgery in order to feel numbness and reduce pain. Your gynecologist will prescribe you with painkillers in order to deal with any possible pain. Other feelings of cramps, pressure, and anxiety are common.

7) What are the side-effects of abortion surgery?

Some of the side-effects that accompany abortion surgery are:

  • Bleeding: The bleeding that may occur may be similar to that of menstruation. Heavy bleeding is indicative of incomplete abortion.
  • Infection: Indicated by fever caused by an incomplete abortion or a sexually transmitted disease.
  • Injury to the uterus: Can be caused due to improper handling or use of surgical instruments or any other sharp objects used during the surgery.
  • Injury to the cervix: Can occur due to multiple cervical surgeries.

8) What is manual vacuum aspiration?

Manual Vacuum Aspiration is a procedure conducted between six to sixteen weeks of gestation. The surgery begins with the administration of a local anesthetic, in order to numb your cervix. A surgical instrument called the tenaculum is used to hold the cervix in place for it to be dilated. When the cervix is wide enough, a cannula, a long plastic tube connected to the suction tube, is used to suck out the fetus and placenta.

9) What is dilation and evacuation abortion?

This procedure is conducted in women whose gestation period is in between fifteen to twenty-four hours of pregnancy. A general anesthetic is administered into the patient and using narrow forceps, the fetus and placenta is removed from the neck of the womb. This procedure may require cervical preparation prior to or on the day of the surgery.

10) Can I avoid abortion surgery?

This decision is made by your gynecologist after conducting several examinations like medical history, physical examination, lab tests and the stage of pregnancy. If pregnancy is detected or suspected at a very early stage then it can be terminated with the help of various pills and drugs. However, at a later stage of pregnancy, abortion surgery is the only way to terminate the pregnancy.

11) Cost of abortion surgery in India?

The cost of abortion surgery in India may range anywhere between five thousand up to fifty thousand rupees.

12) What are the risk factors of abortion surgery?

It has been observed that one out of every thousand women undergoing abortion surgery will experience serious complications.
Some of the risk factors associated with abortion surgery are as follows:

  • Bleeding: The bleeding that may occur may be similar to that of menstruation. Heavy bleeding is indicative of incomplete abortion.
  • Infection: Indicated by fever caused by an incomplete abortion or a sexually transmitted disease.
  • Injury to the uterus: Can be caused due to improper handling or use of surgical instruments or any other sharp objects used during the surgery.
  • Injury to the cervix: Can occur due to multiple cervical surgeries.

13) What activities can be performed after abortion surgery?

After an abortion surgery has been performed, your doctor will recommend a certain period of rest for complete recovery. Avoid indulging in lifting of heavy objects, swimming or sexual activities until completely recovered.