Colposcopy

Colposcopy is the procedure to examine the cervix, vagina and vulva for disease. A colposcope is used to view the internal parts of these organs. Colposcopy is carried out in case of abnormal results of Pap smear and cervical screening tests.

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A colposcopy may be needed in case of- 

  • Genital Warts
  • Cervicitis
  • Cervical cancer
  • Cervical pain
  • Unusual discharge from the vagina
  • Vulvar cancer

Colposcopy is a diagnosis for several diseases of the vagina, vulva and the cervix. Before a colposcopy, the patient must not take any vaginal medications at least for 2 days before. It is recommended that the patient does not have sexual intercourse or use tampons several days prior to the procedure.

A colposcopy is performed while the patient sits on a chair which provides support to the broadened legs to get access to the vagina. A speculum keeps the walls of the vagina open to view the cervix. Colposcope, a magnifying instrument, is used to examine the cervix carefully.

After a colposcopy, there may be chances of heavy bleeding and a discharge from the vagina. There are possibilities of an infection of the vagina or cervix. The patient may also suffer from pain in the pelvic region.

After a colposcopy, the patient should avoid using tampons for at least about one week after. In case of persistent bleeding and unusual discharge, the patient must contact the doctor.