Colposcopy is the procedure to examine the cervix, vagina and vulva for disease. A colposcope is used to view the internal parts of these organs. Colposcopy is carried out in case of abnormal results of Pap smear and cervical screening tests.
Colposcopy is a diagnosis for several diseases of the vagina, vulva and the cervix. Before a colposcopy, the patient must not take any vaginal medications at least for 2 days before. It is recommended that the patient does not have sexual intercourse or use tampons several days prior to the procedure.
A colposcopy is performed while the patient sits on a chair which provides support to the broadened legs to get access to the vagina. A speculum keeps the walls of the vagina open to view the cervix. Colposcope, a magnifying instrument, is used to examine the cervix carefully.
After a colposcopy, there may be chances of heavy bleeding and a discharge from the vagina. There are possibilities of an infection of the vagina or cervix. The patient may also suffer from pain in the pelvic region.
After a colposcopy, the patient should avoid using tampons for at least about one week after. In case of persistent bleeding and unusual discharge, the patient must contact the doctor.